24 Hours Hotline: +86 137-3541-1378


Your Location: Home > Dunhuang City Information > Dunhuang Facts

Dunhuang Facts

Post Date: 2020/03/12 09:58
Share to:  

Dunhuang, situated in north-west China, is situated at a point of vital strategic and logistical importance, on a crossroads of two major trade routes within the Silk Road network. Lying in an oasis at the edge of the Taklamakan Desert, Dunhuang was one of the first trading cities encountered by merchants arriving in China from the west. It was also an ancient site of Buddhist religious activity, and was a popular destination for pilgrims, as well as acting as a garrison town protecting the region.

Basic Information
Dialing code: (+86) 0937
Zip code: 736200
Area: Dunhuang has an area of 31200 square metres
Main attractions in Dunhuang: Mogao Caves,Sand Dunes/Yueyaquan National Park,Huyang Forest,White Hourse Pagoda,Piper bounce statue,Yumenguan
Population: about 20 Million

Duhuang can be divided into 6 tow ns and 3 villages administratively.

Dunhuang is located at the western end of Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province in northwest of China. It is 2000 kilometers west of Beijing, right on the silk road that caravans would take to get from China to the Middle East.

Dunhuang is located in the intersection of Gansu, Qinghai and Xinjiang. Because it is deep inland, blocked by high mountains and far away from the humid ocean air flow, so Dunhuang belongs to the extremely arid continental climate, with three main characteristics: First, sufficient sunshine, According to the annual average climate data, the annual average sunshine hours in Dunhuang reached 3200 hours. Second, dry and less rain. Third, there are four distinct seasons. It is warm and windy in spring, hot in summer, cool in autumn, cold in winter and large temperature difference between day and night.

Public City Transportation
Downtown Dunhuang is not large, and there are only four city-bus routes running along fixed lines. They start from the urban area and stretch into the countryside in different directions. Buses are mostly of a medium size. They operate between the hours from 07:00 until 22:00 every day. And it is very convenient and easy for tourists to take a taxi in the city. There are many taxies driving around the city, or parking at the airport, long-distance bus station, railway station, hotels and the historic sites etc.

Dunhuang economy was largely based on agriculture, with wheat apparently the dominant crop. Animal husbandry was relatively unimportant, probably be cause of the lack of accessible pasturage, even though the sources mentions some of the standard domestic animals (goats, sheep). Since agriculture (in fact, survival) in the region depended on irrigation, considerable attention was paid to developing and maintaining the system of canals. In the first half of the eighth century, there were seven major irrigation canals in the region. Immediately after the liberation of Dunhuang from Tibetan rule in the middle of the ninth century, one of the first measures of the regional commander was to reconstruct and improve the irrigation system.

Dunhuang is one of the most famous tourist cities in Northwest China. Located at the crossroads of two major trade routes within the silk road network, it has important strategic and logistics significance. As the core city of Chinese and Western culture, it welcomes a large number of eastern and Western tourists every year. Its scenery is hard to describe in words. Whether it's history, religious culture, or natural landscape, it's the most worthy place for all tourists.

Dunhuang, located at the western end of the Gansu (Hexi) Corridor and at the eastern end of the Taklamakan Desert, it was very important historically on ancient China Silk Road. For many periods of Chinese and Inner Asian history, it marked the western limit of direct Chinese administrative control and military authority. Located near one of the important nodes of the routes across Eurasia, Dunhuang experienced a variety of cultural influences. For example, perhaps the most important early translator of Buddhist scriptures in China, the monk Kumarajiva from Kucha in the Tarim Basin, worked at Dunhuang before he went to Ch'ang-an. The famous Buddhist monks Faxian and Xuanzang passed through Dunhuang en route to (or from) India in their quest for new knowledge of Buddhism at its source. We know that Soghdian merchants from Ferghana were there, as were Nestorian Christians. During the period of the Tang Dynasty, for many decades Dunhuang was under Tibetan control; later Uighurs and others controlled the region. 

Art & Literature
In the first instance today when we think of Dunhuang, we think of the Mogao Caves near the town, a complex of hundreds of Buddhist sanctuaries, a great many of which contain remarkably well preserved religious art from about the late fifth century (CE) on. At Mogao in 1900, a local caretaker monk uncovered a treasure trove of manuscripts and paintings, most of which ended up in European collections after Stein and others purchased or otherwise obtained them. Toward the middle of the twentieth century, the systematic study of the art and inscriptions in the caves began, providing additional information on local culture and history. Apart from the evidence at Mogao, considerable written material for the early history of the region has been found in the ruins of Han-era fortifications. Taken together with the information in dynastic historical records, these sources often allow much more detailed study of the Dunhuang region than can be obtained for many other areas of China.

Questions & Answers or Review
* Full Name
* E-mail
* Title of your review
* Your review

Live Chat

Share to

Certificate of Excellence
2012 ~ 2024


Xian Private Tour - Day Tour

Why Choose Us, About Us

* Safe travel with us druing the COVID-19 pandemic
* Reply within 24 hours
* Local Tour Operator, NOT the Third Party, make the most of your time and budget
* Expert Knowledge All our tour providers have traveled extensively or lived in their specialist city, handle your trip from start to finish
* Best Guides offer real insight into their city, make the difference between a good trip and an outstanding one
Professional Drivers with 10+ years driving Experience
* 100% Tailor Made A trip is designed around your needs, explore the places that you are interested at your own pace and choose your preferred meal
* Free Cancellation Up to 24 hours in advance
24/7 fully backed up by professional team

Your Idea of Your Trip
(> 11 years old)
(2 - 11 years old)
(< 2 years old)
Date of trip
Hotel Class
Any specific requests/interests?
Contact Information

(Your Privacy is Protected)

Full Name: *
E-mail: *
Your Age: *
Nationality: *
Online Chat ID: *
Leave your online Chat ID here. We will get in touch with you within 10 minutes.


1 to 1 tailor-made service from our professional travel advisors for the most sophisticated


Constantly excellent reviews for attraction, hotel and service Competitive price

Value Guarantee

Local experts provide quality tours Best selected knowledgeable local guides Authentic local restaurants

Stress-free Guaranteed

7*24 hours available to create you a worry-free tour. No Hidden Fees and absolutely no pressure to buy. Secured

Who choose us

Copyright © 2017 www.xianprivatetour.com All rights reserved.  浙ICP备18056007号-6

To Top