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Jiayuguan Facts

Post Date: 2020/03/12 14:22
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Jiayuguan is known as the 'mouth of China' because of its position at the end of the Great Wall of China where it guarded the western boundary of Ming Dynasty China. The narrow river passage heading southeast from here is known as the Hexi Corridor and is nicknamed the 'throat of China '. It is an important gateway for the ancient Chinese silk road, as important as the Dunhuang.

It integrates Silk Road and Great Wall cultures and is well-known for its impregnable geographic conditions. The city has well-developed industries and a strong tourism business. It is home to Jiuquan Iron and Steel (Group) Co, the largest company of its kind in Northwest China. The city was established in 1965 and became an integral part of the Eurasian Continental Bridge. It set up Changcheng, Jingtie and Xiongguan districts in December 2009. The city covers an area of 3,000 square kilometers, with a planned downtown area of 260 sq km. It has a population of 230,000 and an urbanization rate of 93.9 percent.

Population: 300000
Area: 3,000 square kilometers
Ethnic groups: Han, Hui, Tibetan, Dongxiang, Yugu, Baoan, Hazake, Tu, Sala, Manchu, and Mongolian
Zip Code: 735100
Area Code: 0937

Jiayuguan city is located at 98°17' east longitude and 39°47' north latitude. It lies in the Gobi desert, at the middle of Hexi Corridor, 776 kilometers away from Lanzhou and 5 - 6 hours away by bus from Dunhuang.

Jiayuguan belongs to the continental desert climate,  warm and aridity with the frost-free period of 160 days. The average temperature is about 6.7C (44F)–7.7C (18.1F), of which the lowest temperature is -21C (-5.8F) in January and the highest is 34C (93F) in July. It has an annual precipitation of 100 millimeters, with rainfall concentrated in summer.

Public City Transportation
Jiayuguan is the smallest city in Gansu Province. Public transportation is mainly buses and taxis. There are two national highways and an airport, you can fly to the biggest cities in China, such as Beijing, Xi'an and Shanghai. There is only one railway station (including high-speed rail line) in Jiayuguan.

By the end of 2018, Jiayuguan's GDP had reached 29.962 billion yuan, an increase of 7.4% over the previous year. Among them, The added value of the primary industry is 398 million yuan, an increase of 4.6%; The added value of the secondary industry is 18.315 billion yuan, an increase of 3.2%; the added value of the tertiary industry is 11.249 billion yuan, an increase of 13%. Among them, the added value of wholesale and retail industry is 1.39 billion yuan, an increase of 3.7%; The added value of transportation and storage industry is 933 million yuan, an increase of 5.6%; the added value of accommodation and catering industry is 340 million yuan, an increase of 4.4%; The added value of financial and insurance industry is 1.104 billion yuan, an increase of 2.8%; The added value of real estate industry is 720 million yuan, an increase of 6%. The per capita GDP is 119418 yuan.

Main Attractions
Jiayguan tourist area four parts-Jiayuguan Fort, The Overhanging Wall, The First Beacon, and the Wei Jin Tombs.

Jiayuguan has a history over 630 years. In 1372, during the Ming Dynasty, a fortress was built to protect the last frontier of the Chinese empire. It was completely built up in 1540 and became a small township engaged in local trading, catering to the needs of the military garrisons stationed at the fort. The city was used to be the pass of the famous Silk Road and the first pass at the west end of the Great Wall in the Ming Dynasty.

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