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Huashan Mountain


Brief Introduction
Mount Hua is located in the east of Xian, a city named Huayin in Shaanxi province. It is the western mountain of the Five Great Mountains of China, and has a long history of religious significance. Mt. Hua is one of the five sacred mountains in China. It features with it's natural vista of steep and narrow paths, precipitous crags and a high mountain range. There are five main peaks in Mount.Hua and has it's own distinctive characteristic,the five peaks are the representative attractions. East Peak is the ideal place to enjoy the sunrise; South Peak has the highest altitude; West Peak is the most elegant; North Peak is famous as the Cloud Terrace Peak and Middle Peak is also called Jade Lady Peak. The Mountain is also home to several influential Taoist temples, where many emperors belief in Taoism and they took part in Taoist activities and sacrificed to the god of mountain, making it a holy place of Taoism. Known as “the Number One Precipitous Mountain under Heaven”.


The History of Mt.Hua 
In the begining of the 2nd century BCE, there was a Daoist temple located here known as the Shrine of the Western Peak. Daoists believed that in the mountain lives the god of the underworld. The temple at the foot of the mountain was often used for spirit mediums to contact the god and his underlings. It's different from Taishan, which became a popular place of pilgrimage, Huashan, because of the inaccessibility of its summits, only received Imperial and local pilgrims, and was not well visited by pilgrims from the rest of China. Huashan was also an important place for immortality seekers, as many herbal Chinese medicines are grown and powerful drugs were reputed to be found there. Kou Qianzhi (365–448), the founder of the Northern Celestial Masters received revelations there, as did Chen Tuan (920–989), who spent the last part of his life in hermitage on the west peak. In the 1230s, all the temples on the mountain came under control of the Daoist Quanzhen School. In 1998, the management committee of Huashan agreed to turn over most of the mountain's temples to the China Daoist Association. This was done to help protect the environment, as the presence of taoists and nuns deters poachers and loggers.


What to see in Mt.Hua

There are mainly five peaks in Mt. Hua
East Peak (Facing Sun Peak): It's one of the main peaks of Mount Huashua,situated at east. It is 2096.2 meters bove the sea level.On the top of the peak,there is a platform named "Chaoyang Terrace" it's the best place to enjoy the sunrise, with wild field of vision. 

South Peak (Landing Wild Geese Peak): The South Peak is 2154.9 meters high. It is the highest peak among all the Five Mountains. On the south peak there are Laozi peak, Chinese alchemy and eight-trigram pool, these sites are associated with the legend of Lao tzu. And there is “heavenly southern gate” in the cliff to the east. On the south peak also there is the golden temple built in the Ming dynasty, also known as the Baidi temple to worship Mount Huashan god.

West Peak(Lotus FlowerPeak): It seated at west with an altitude of 2082meters. There is a giant rock on the peak looks exactly like petals of lotus, ancient literati also called it Lotus Peak.

North Peak (Cloud Terrace Peak): It is 1614.9 meters high above the sea leave. The North Peak is solitary and imposing to the sky. Located at the north part of Mt. Huashan, the North Peak has White Cloud Peak at north, Liangzhang Hill at east, approaches East Peak, South Peak and West Peak and connects with Thousand-Foot Precipice, Hundred-Foot Crevice and Laojun Plough Ditch. The summit is joint by several groups of rocks. On the top of North peak, there is a terrace, Yiyun Pavilion, which is a great place to see the other 3 main peaks and Black Dragon Ridge. In 1996, the cable car opened to tourists. There are many attractions on the peak, such as Zhenwu Temple, Jiaogong Stone Chamber, Changchun Stone Chamber, Jade Maiden Window, Xianyougong, Shentu Cliff, Yiyun Pavilion, Iron Cow Terrace and so on.


Middle Peak(Jade Maiden Peak): The peak is 2037.8m high above the sea level. It is a small peak at west side of the East Peak. In ancient time, it was a part of East Peak, but now, people rank it as one of the main peak of Mt. Huashan. Heavenly Stairs in the north of Middle Peak, and was built in 1984, is the shortcut from the Yinfeng pavilion to the East Peak via East Stone Building, and has become a new risk Mt. Huashan road. Heavenly Stairs are more than 10 meters high, vertical to the ground in an angle of 90 degrees, protruding in the upper cliff. Three ladders are suspended for visitors to climb in line, and because the body can't get close to the walls, with the rope swing it is easy to shake, making people feel like sailing clouds and fogs in the heaven therefore it is called Heavenly Stairs. With Heavenly Stairs opening, the climbing time from Middle Peak to the East peak has shortened, and the interest of adventure has increased, since it is open, many of the tourists are ready to climb here, and want to have a try. Next to the Heavenly Stair there is a metal artificial stairs, which is convenient for visitors to climb up and down.

There are lots of temples on its slopes and peaks in Mount.Hua. At the foot of the mountains is the Cloister of the Jade Spring (玉泉院), which is dedicated to Chen Tuan. Additionally atop the southern-most peak there is an ancient taoist temple which in modern times has been converted into a tea house.

How to get there from the train station

Train Routes
1. High speed trains from Xian North Railway Station to Huashan North Station about 30-40 minutes. After arrival, take the free minibuses in green outside the station to the mountain.
2. A normal train from Xian Railway Station to Huashan Station takes 1.5-2 hours. After arrival, take No.608 to Baoliandeng Square, or Huashan Shengtai Square, which is near the entrance of the mountain.

Metro Routes
Take subway line 1 to Xian Fangzhicheng Bus Station and take a bus to Huayin. The bus runs every 30 minutes between 07:45 and 19:00. The bus ticket costs CNY 37.5 and a single trip takes about 2 hours.

Bus Routes
Take a regular tourist bus from the east square of Xian Railway Station to the Jade Spring Temple at the foot of the Mt.Hua. It operates between 06:30 and 19:00. The one-way ticket costs CNY 39.5 and round-trip ticket costs CNY 66.5. A single trip takes 1.5 hours or so.

 (Note: Tourism Bus Line 1 from the east square of Xian Railway Station to the mountain is out of service at present.)


Admisssion Fees:  CNY180 for peak season(Mar.1- Nov.30);
                           CNY100 for off season (Dec.1-end of next February)
Opening Hours: peak season 07:00-19:00, off season 09:00- 17:00;
Time for Visit: 6-8 hours

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