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HanYang Mausoleum

Xian Hanyangling Tomb is a wonderful cultural site, more interesting and engaging than the Terracotta Warriors.

A Brief Introdution
Hanyang Tomb is about 30km north of the downtown Xian. This is a wonderful cultural site, more interesting and engaging than the Terracotta Warriors. The well-structured site comprises the emperor's tomb, empress' tomb, the south and north accompanying burial pits, and human sacrifice graveyard. 

History & Background
It is the forth emperor - Jing Emperor's tomb in Han Dynasty (206 BC–AD 220) which was opened in 2001 and is famous for its rich collecion of the terra-cotta figurines and animals. This site is a relic site under State protection and one of the hot tourism destinations in the region. It is a magnificent and abundant cultural relic, comprising the emperor's tomb, empress' tomb, the south and north burial pits, ceremonial site, human sacrifice graveyard and criminals' cemetery. The mausoleum is neatly arranged, centered with the emperor's tomb, revealing the strict hierarchical social structure. The Outside Pits Exhibition Hall was opened in 2006 and is the first underground museum in China.

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Architecture & Structure
Hanyangling is mainly made up of the tomb of Han Jingdi, tomb of Empress Wang, burial pits, archaeological exhibitions, criminal graveyard and some satellite tombs. The mausoleum covers an area of 10 square kilometers; 6 kilometers from east to west and up to 3 kilometers south to north. An east-to-west sacred road will lead you to the tomb of Jingdi at its western end. It looks like a topless pyramid standing in the center, with many satellite tombs strewn in all directions to protect it. Close beside Yangling lies the tomb of his Empress Wang, mother of famous Han Wudi (Liu Che) who was later buried there to accompany her husband. The whole structure of the mausoleum is an irregular rectangle, but looks clear and neat. Its construction layout fully indicates the centralization of the imperial state powers and their predominant hierarchic ranks.

Outside Pits Exhibition Hall covers an area of about 7,850 square meters (2 acres). It has been modernized to exhibit ten outside pits surrounding the emperor's tomb but does not devalue the look of the mausoleum. To protect the culture relic, the pits are encased with toughened glass to create the similar environment as it was before. Suspended corridors made of glass make it more convenient for visitors to be able to take a closer look.

Through the glass on the right, on the left or under foot, visitors can see pottery warriors, animals, chariots and horses, and the archaeologists excavating. A kind of imaging technique concerning with optical illusion has been applied in the museum. Through the illusive characters and scenes, the life of Liu Qi, the anecdote of Empress Wang and the archaeological discoveries in the mausoleum are presented. Great stone walls are mysterious and stately. Most of the buildings are delicately decorated carved with pictures of flying dragons and dancing lions. The grandeur of the royal family is explicitly shown here. For many tourists, Hanyang Tombs are more like a hidden gem! 

Information
Admission Fee: CNY 80
Tel: +86-029-86031470, 87880866

How to get There
Take bus NO. 4 or NO. 10

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